To get an insight to the rich heritage of Indian culture and tradition, one must know its history. It also lets you know the lives and work style of various rulers who ruled Delhi in yester years. Delhi has been traced back to the era of “Mahabharata” where it was the city of the Pandavas and was also called Indraprastha ,some 3000 years ago. The city has a historic importance of its own with every crumbling walls of the city has a story to tell.
The first city of Delhi, Lal Kot was founded by the Tomar ruler Anangpal, in the 11th century. It was extended to Qila Rai Pithora by King Vigraharaja IV (Circa 1153-64). Qutbuddin Aibak became Delhi's first Sultan in 1206 and laid the foundations of the Qutb Minar, India's tallest stone tower at the site of the first city of Delhi subsequently the kings of the Sultanate dynasties, Khaljis, Tughluqs Sayyids and Lodis continued to build. New cities as Delhi grew.
The second city around Siri by Alaud-Din Khalji (1296-1316); Tughlaqabad, the third city built by Ghiysud-Din Tughlug (1321-51); Firuzabad, the fifth city of Delhi, is now represented by Kotla Firuz Shah, founded by Firuz Shah Tughluq (1351-88).
It was Humayun who laid the foundations of the sixth city - Dinpanah. This was destroyed and reconstructed as the Purana Qila by Sher Shah Suri however, it was the Mughals who took Delhi to the zenith of architectural glory.
While some construction activities did continue during the reign of Akbar (1556-1605) and Jehangir (1605-27), it was Shah Jehan (1628-58) who built the seventh city, Shahjahanabad which remained the Mughal capital until 1857.
In 1911, king Goerge visited India and it was during his reign that Delhi became the new capital of India. Delhi witnessed some significant developments during this period in the form of buildings, infrastructure, parliamentary buildings and public offices. The interception of British rule in India also witnessed a new city being formed in the name of New Delhi or the Lutyens’ Delhi.
New Delhi has been named after the leading British architect Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944), who was responsible for much of the architectural design and building here when India was part of the British Empire. Lutyens had laid out the central administrative area of Delhi.
It can be said that New Delhi has a regal and majestic history which is quite vivid from the rise and fall of various rules. There is no denying the fact that history of India revolves around the rich history of Delhi.